The concept of language immersion instruction as a revitalization of a nearly exterminated language presents educators with the complex challenge of creating tiered multi-sensory experiences supported by visual aids and manipulatives in Ojibwe language where none exists, and lack the resource of university-trained individuals fluent in the language to serve as teachers, staff and curriculum developers.

Linguists define a language which has no native speakers (people who grew up speaking the language as a child) as “dead” or “extinct.” A language that has no native speakers in the youngest generation is called “moribund.” A language that has very few native speakers is called “endangered” or “imperiled.”